Mobile Application Development and Languages Used For Mobile Application Development

In 2020, mobile application revenues are estimated to reach approximately 600 billion dollars. Smartphones and tablets are an indispensable part of our lives today. The place of smartphones in modern society is an indication of the decisive role of mobile experiences. In the light of these experiences, software adapted for mobile devices increases its value day by day. This increase in value is now heading towards the competition of brands and companies to maintain their existence.

This attracts producing and growing industries, businesses and brands and thus provides added value.

What is the meaning of mobile application development?

Along with the developing and changing technology, it differentiated the web and mobile, asset maintenance, business development, marketing, sales increase and active communication platforms.

Mobile application development is the creation and development of software optimized for mobile devices such as smartphones or tablet computers by using hardware and product features. The mobile application can work by establishing a network connection. For this reason, the mobile application development process includes creating installable software packages (code, binaries, assets, etc.), accessing data with an API (Application programming interface) and testing it on target devices.

The simplest apps move PC-based apps to a mobile device. Some applications involve developing applications specifically by taking advantage of their limitations and advantages. (E.g. location-based applications)

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What are the types of mobile apps?

There are four different approaches to mobile application development.

* Local Mobile Applications
* Cross-Platform Local Mobile Applications
* Hybrid (Hybrid) Mobile Applications
* Progressive Web Applications

When choosing between these approaches, it is important to take into account that each approach has its advantages and disadvantages.

Developers; When choosing the right development approaches for projects, they consider the user experience, computing resources required for implementation, budget, time criteria and available resources to protect the application.

1-Local Mobile Applications

It can work directly on the device’s operating system, such as Android and IOS. It is written in the programming language and norms provided by the platform owner.

Advantages;

  • It gives the best runtime performance.
  • Direct access to device APIs.

Disadvantages;

  • High Cost
  • Multiple codebases are required for each platform.

2-Cross Platform Applications

It is compiled in a native application running on the device’s operating system. It can be written in different norms and programming languages.

Advantages;

  • One code base is sufficient for multiple platforms.
  • It is easy to create and maintain the application.

Disadvantages;

  • It needs bridges and libraries for local device features.
  • It limits performance due to the need for bridging.

3-Mixed Mobile Applications

It is created with standard web technologies such as JavaScript, CSS, and HTML5 and written as application installation packages. Unlike native apps, it runs on a web container that provides a browser and hyperlink to native device APIs via Apache Cordova.

Advantages;

  • The code base can be shared between web and mobile applications.
  • Supports the use of web development kits.

Disadvantages;

  • It shows lower performance than local applications.
  • Has limited support for local device features.

4-Stage Web Applications

It offers an alternative approach to traditional mobile application development. PWAs (advanced web application) can work offline to provide an app-like user experience. Background processes are web apps that add a link to the device home screen and use the browser feature.

Advantages;

  • The application can be used on both web and mobile devices.
  • It can be accessed by URL, does not require installation.

Disadvantages;

  • Has limited support for local device features
  • Application features depend on the browser used.

What Programming Language Is Used For Mobile Application Development?

The mobile application development industry, which has grown enormously in recent years, has achieved worldwide interest and growth. Considering which mobile application development approach and strategies to choose, it is time to choose a programming language. While choosing this programming language, some criteria should be considered.

Let’s talk a little bit about the most frequently used programming languages and according to which function.

HTML5 :

Ideal for developing a Web-based application for a mobile device.
It is supported in different ways by many different browsers and is affordable.

Objective-C:

Apple selected by the Objective-C , robust and ideal for scalable applications. It is easy to use and can be used with C ++ . It is the primary programming language for IOS applications and so it is integrated with all IOS and MacOS frameworks.

Swift: 

Apple Inc. For IOS and Linux, it is the newest programming language to enter the Apple ecosystem. It is like a simplified version, interoperable with Objective-C. It is the primary language used for IOS development.

C ++:

It is the most suitable and robust programming language for Android and Windows. Basically low level programming is also preferred. It is an always in demand language used in industries ranging from finance, manufacturing to banking. C ++, a powerful programming language that dates back to the history of smartphones; It allows mobile applications to be developed for every purpose on every available platform. Cross-platform mobile application development also performs well.

C #: 

Known as C Sharp, this language is loved for Windows Phone application development and is an excellent programming language for these applications. It was developed by Microsoft and can be used for general purpose. It is a secure and simple language and can access .NET framework. Visual Studio, AutoCAD, Office 365 etc. These are some of the software created with the C # language.

Java:

It is one of the most preferred languages when it comes to Android application development because the Android Operating System is written in Java.  It is an object-oriented programming language developed in Sun Microsystems. Java can be run in two different ways, in a browser window or in a virtual machine.
This flexibility creates advantages when it comes to rewriting or updating code. It is especially preferred when it comes to cross-platform mobile application development. It supports APIs that facilitate integration and has hundreds of open source libraries.

Python:

It is a high-level and popular programming language widely used for web and application development, analyzing and computing numerical data, creating desktop GUI and software development. Some of the application examples developed in Python language , which are interactive and easy to learn, running on Windows , Mac , Unix and Linux ; Instagram, Spotify, YouTube, Bit Torrent etc.

BuildFire.js:

This language, which has plugins covering 70% of common commercial uses, allows rapid mobile application development by utilizing the Build Fire SDK and JavaScript. Instead of creating everything from scratch, it requires developing certain functions on the customer’s request.

PHP:

(Hypertext Preprocessor) It is a web-based, general and wide-use script and programming language that can be embedded in HTML. It is primarily used to create dynamic websites. It is server compatible and platform independent.

 

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